Top Engineering Disciplines in Demand: Future Job Prospects and Salary Trends

by Aastha Mehra

Engineering is an increasingly dynamic and progressive career choice in today’s world. The realms of artificial intelligence, renewable energy, and biotechnology are poised to capture the interest of future engineers due to their rapid growth and transformative potential. These fields are anticipated to play pivotal roles in shaping the future, necessitating a new generation of engineers equipped with specialized expertise and skills. Here, we highlight several globally sought-after engineering courses, reflecting the high demand for professionals in these areas.

According to our research, the Top engineering courses in demand are as follows:

  1. Civil Engineering
  2. Software Engineering
  3. Biomedical Engineering
  4. Electrical Engineering
  5. Mechanical Engineering

Let’s uncover the disciplines, job prospects, and salary they draw in depth.

Engineering DomainsAverage Salary in India (Annual)Job Prospects
Civil Engineering3.4 LakhsFaster than average Job Growth.
Software Engineering5.1 Lakhs22% employment growth from 2020 to 2030
Bio-Medical Engineering3 Lakhsadvancing field with wide career prospects.
Electrical Engineering3.2 Lakhsgrew by 3 percent from 2021 to 2023.
Mechanical Engineering3.5 Lakhsforecasted advancement of 2 to 4 percent.

1. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering involves designing, constructing, and maintaining infrastructure projects such as bridges, roads, buildings, and water supply systems. As populations grow and urbanization continues, the demand for civil engineers remains steady. Additionally, there is a need for sustainable infrastructure development and the renovation of aging structures, which creates further job opportunities in this field.

Job Prospects

Civil engineering has faster-than-average job growth with promising job prospects.

In terms of Tradition, civil engineers have sought employment in public sector enterprises in projects like roads, bridges, public buildings, irrigation, and other similar projects which needed extensive infrastructure.

Due to real estate growth, a large number of civil engineers have been credited with countless job opportunities in the private sector as well. The government sector has also started taking many private sector agencies as consultants to undertake public sector work.

According to some reports, the international market has been experiencing a severe shortage of civil engineering, especially in developed countries. So, civil engineering can also be an ideal choice for students who are looking for rewarding career choices aboard.

Salary Trends

A newly graduated civil engineer can typically anticipate an average annual salary ranging from ₹3 to 6 lakhs, which translates to approximately ₹25,000 to 50,000 per month.

As experience is gained, the salary potential for a senior civil engineer can increase to ₹10 to 20 lakhs per year, which is roughly ₹83,000 to 1,67,000 per month.

2. Software Engineering

The demand for software engineers and computer scientists continues to grow with the rapid advancement of technology and the increasing reliance on software systems. This field encompasses various specializations such as software development, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, and data science. Salaries in this field are typically high due to the high demand for skilled professionals.

Job Prospects

Job prospects for software engineering are considerably well. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), software developers, quality assurance analysts, and testers should see a 22% employment growth from 2020 to 2030. This rate is much faster than the national average growth projection for all occupations (8%). Different levels of software engineering and promotions are based on both skills and expertise.
An entry-level post in software engineering typically involves working under supervision whilst a senior software engineer often supervises the activities of team developers for large or small projects. With industry-recognized IT certifications, software engineers have the power to expand the scope of their careers exponentially.

Salary Trends

In India, the average annual salary for a Software Engineer is 1,677,320 INR. The most common earnings fall around 988,888 INR, based on data from 239 salary surveys. There is a disparity in salaries between men and women, with men earning an average salary of 1,722,314 INR and women earning 1,170,185 INR.

When considering education levels, individuals with Some College education receive the highest salaries, averaging 3,741,296 INR. The second-highest paid education level is a Bachelor’s Degree, with an average salary of 1,672,870 INR.

Salary also varies based on experience. Software Engineers with 16-20 years of experience receive a salary of 6,963,425 INR, while those with 20+ years of experience earn 3,609,444 INR.

3. Biomedical Engineering

The healthcare industry is expanding, and biomedical engineers play a crucial role in developing medical devices, equipment, and technologies. The aging population, advancements in medical research, and the need for innovative healthcare solutions contribute to the strong demand for biomedical engineers. The field offers rewarding career prospects and competitive salaries.

Job Prospects

Biomedical Engineering is an advancing field with wide career prospects. Biomedical Engineers have one of the most diverse job profiles with job responsibilities ranging from medical to engineering and even pharmaceutical fields. Some of them are as follows:

  • Biomechanics: This field deals with the study of the structure and function of biological systems with the help of mechanics
  • Tissue Engineering: This field deals with the development of tissue-based biochemical & physiochemical artificial organs that can operate as organic body organs.
  • Genetic Engineering: Deals with the study of human/biological genome manipulation using biotechnology and its impact at different levels.
  • Neural Engineering: Neural engineering applies engineering techniques to develop, replace and enhance neural systems in humans and other biological beings.
  • Pharmaceutical Engineering: Involves the study of medicines, drug development, novel drug delivery mechanisms, pharmaceutical technology, and other factors.
  • Medical Devices development: Development of complex and everyday health technology products that diagnose, monitor, cure, drug delivery, and other activities.
  • Clinical Engineering: Deals with implementing medical equipment and technological products in a hospital or medical Centre clinical setting.

Salary Trends

The average annual salary for a Biomedical Engineer is ₹4,12,800 (₹34,400 per month), which is ₹25,300 (7% higher) than the national average salary in India.
As a starting point, a Biomedical Engineer can anticipate an average starting salary of ₹1,80,000. However, the highest salaries in this field can surpass ₹10,00,000.

4. Electrical Engineering

This discipline encompasses a broad range of industries, including power generation, telecommunications, consumer electronics, and automation. The demand for electrical and electronics engineers remains strong due to technological advancements, the Internet of Things (IoT) growth, and the need for energy-efficient systems. Salaries in this field tend to be competitive.

Job Prospects

Job prospects for electrical engineering are forecasted to grow by 3 percent from 2021 to 2023. The projection for electrical engineering is about 20100 on average, over the decade. Top sectors that hire electrical engineers include:

  • Engineering Services
  • Electric power generating installations.
  • Indian Railways
  • Aerospace Manufacture Industry
  • Automobile Industry
  • Airports Authority of India
  • Electricity transmission and distribution organizations
  • Government Electrical Works Department

Salary Trends

The average salary for an Electrical Engineer is ₹4,12,800 per year (₹34,400 per month), which is ₹25,300 (+7%) higher than the national average salary in India.
An Electrical Engineer can expect an average starting salary of ₹1,80,000. The highest salaries can exceed ₹10,00,000.

5. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering: Mechanical engineers are involved in designing, developing, and manufacturing various products and systems. They contribute to the automotive, aerospace, energy, and robotics industries. While the demand for mechanical engineers can fluctuate based on economic factors, this field remains essential in many sectors and offers a wide range of career opportunities.

Job Prospects

The job prospects for mechanical engineering are relatively slower than others with a forecasted advancement of 2 to 4 percent. however, there are still many openings for mechanical engineering each year on average over a decade. Despite limited employment growth, about 17,900 openings for mechanical engineers are projected each year, on average, over the decade.

Salary Trends

In India, the average annual salary for mechanical engineering is approximately ₹3,98,472. For Junior Mechanical Engineers with less than three years of experience, the average total compensation is around ₹1,78,100. Mid-career Mechanical Engineers, with 4-9 years of experience, earn an average total compensation of ₹3,65,700. Senior Mechanical Engineers, who have 10-20 years of experience, typically earn an average of ₹6,54,000. Mechanical Engineers with over 20 years of experience have an average total compensation of ₹7,29,600.


Ultimately, every domain of engineering if acquired through immense practice and learning holds its special value and benefits. each domain demands high-level skills by the domain of which it is part. That is why one must learn these skills with full valor and dedication in hopes of securing a high-end job.

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