Course Curriculum of Mechanical Engineering: Subjects, Core Concepts and Practical Applications

by Kartika Musle

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest and core branches of engineering. Meanwhile, it also focuses on applying mathematical and physical concepts to develop and maintain machines. Let us learn more about the Course Curriculum of Mechanical Engineering and the core concepts, and applications that are covered in this curriculum.

What is Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical Engineering

Machine design, analysis, and development are all part of mechanical engineering. In other words, it includes designing, creating, and improving machine devices and systems using the concepts of physics, mathematics, and material science. In addition, the tasks that engineers in this field work on range from designing existing vehicles and machinery to creating brand-new vehicles, machinery, and robotics.

Education in Mechanical Engineering

If you are a student considering studying Mechanical Engineering, Then most importantly you should be aware that this course is divided into three programs.

 1. Diploma

Firstly this curriculum is recommended after 10th grade and most importantly does not require completing junior college or any entrance exams in order to get selected for an undergraduate engineering college On the other hand this three-year educational program covers all of the basic subjects taught at the advanced level in Degree College or Btech.

 2. Btech or Bachelor of Technology

Secondly, after completing junior college, students typically enroll in a four-year Btech degree. However, they need to pass the MHCET Entrance Exam in order to enroll in the program. Students can only enroll in Btech colleges after passing this entrance exam. Likewise, Mechanical engineering diploma holders can also enroll in Btech colleges. The benefit is that students can begin the Btech program straight away in the second year. This curriculum is only three years long and does not require an entrance exam for diploma holders

 3. M.Tech or Masters of Technology

Further, Mtech is a course in which you Master Mechanical Engineering by learning all of the core subjects at a higher level and dealing with research and advanced learning of specialized concepts. It is generally a two-year learning. However, if you have prior job experience, the duration is reduced to one year.

List of Subjects and Core Concepts in Mechanical Engineering Course Curriculum


              Subject Name

                        Subject Details

1.Machine DesignDeals with how machines function, the procedures involved in designing, and their applications.
2.ThermodynamicsThermodynamics is the study of the relationships between heat, work, temperature, and energy.
3.Solid Mechanics Focuses on how solid things move and deform as an effect of pressures, temperature changes, changing phases, and other direct or indirect impacts.
4.Engineering MetallurgyThe study of mechanical and molecular properties of metals, intermetallics, and alloy combinations and their applications in various industries.
5.Fluid MechanicsIt is the study of the movement of fluids and topics like viscosity and statics. Likewise, applications of fluid mechanics and related properties.
6.Strength of MaterialsCovers the strength of various materials as well as the consequences of stress and strain.
7.Mechanical MeasurementIt teaches about measurement systems, measuring instruments, and the technique of measuring an unknown quantity with regard to a defined standard.
8.Manufacturing Processes Includes a variety of casting procedures and defects. In addition, it is the study of the steps of production and different types of manufacturing. Moreover, involves the specifics of each manufacturing process, such as casting and moulding.
9.Numerical Analysis Building, analyzing, and detecting mistakes in algorithms. Covers concepts, methodology, and techniques for solving engineering issues numerically.
10.Heat TransferPresents heat transfer ideas by examining various heat transmission processes such as conduction, convection, and radiation.
11.Kinematics and Dynamics of MachinesDefining and solving problems involving links, gears, shafts, mechanical manipulators, and other systems.  Likewise, the study of kinematic diagrams and inversions, such as mobility and range of motion.
12.CAD and Finite Element Analysis Numerical techniques for element analysis as well as the relevance of geometric modelling. Physics calculations to deal with mechanical engineering numerical problems.

Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering practical applications are evolving in accordance with developments in technology. Among the most recent practical applications are:

 1. Electric and Autonomous Vehicles-

Automative vehicles as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers are actively involved in the design of equipment for electric cars and self-driving cars, such as battery systems, electric drivetrains, and safety measures.
For example, the major example of a self-automated and electric vehicle is the Tesla car.

2. Robotics and Automation-

Robotics as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers build robotic systems which are utilized in areas such as manufacturing, healthcare, and logistics.

3. Aerospace Systems-

Spacecraft- Aerospace System as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

They help to design aircraft and spacecraft, In addition, they also design engines, as well as ensure their safety, efficiency, and performance.

4. HVAC Systems-

HVAC system as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

They work on building heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems to ensure comfort and efficiency.

5. Material Selection and Testing

Material Selection and testing as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers select suitable materials for specific applications and test them for reliability.

6. Structural Design-

Structural Design as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

On the other hand, structural designs such as bridges, buildings, and towers are built to bear pressures and environmental conditions.

7. Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics-

Fluid Mechanics as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers examine fluid flow and heat transmission, which are essential in sectors such as HVAC, aerospace, and energy systems.

8. Product Development-

Product Development as Practical Applications in Mechanical Engineering

They are involved in all phases of product development, from conception to testing to prototyping.

Why select Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is a popular career choice among students therefore it provides a variety of job opportunities, excellent pay, and the opportunity to work on innovative projects that benefit society. Here are some of the reasons why you should consider mechanical engineering as a career option-

1. High Demand-

Mechanical engineering is in high demand because of a growing number of manufacturing and technology organizations that want experienced engineers to design and develop new products.

2. Excellent Salary-

One of the highest-paying engineering specialties is mechanical engineering. The annual salary range for mechanical engineers in India is between Rs. 3-5 lakh for recent graduates and Rs. 10-15 lakh for experienced specialists. Students in mechanical engineering can make a solid income if they have the appropriate education and experience.

3. Opportunities for Employment Abroad-

Indian mechanical engineers might work for multinational corporations and acquire worldwide experience. This is a fantastic method to develop your talents, expand your professional network, and boost your earning potential.

4. Industrial Experience-

Mechanical engineers have many options to gain industrial experience. On the other hand, due to the industry’s close connection to the subject of mechanical engineering, students have many opportunities to get real-world experience, develop the necessary technical abilities, and adopt a professional mindset.

5. Entrepreneurship-

Students studying mechanical engineering have the chance to launch their own companies. They are capable of designing and creating innovative systems and technologies that can tackle real-world issues with the proper education and training. India’s economy is expanding, and there are many opportunities for entrepreneurs to establish their businesses.


To sum up, the information regarding the Mechanical Engineering course curriculum, including its subjects, Core Concepts, and Practical Applications, is provided above. Hope that this information helped you understand more about the mechanical engineering branch. However, if you’re still unsure about pursuing a career in mechanical engineering, you can review this article, which outlines all the benefits of doing so.

Additional References:

Why Choose Mechanical Engineering as a Career Option By IIMTU Meerut

For more details about core and elective subjects in Mechanical Engineering refer to the below given website

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