Everything you need to know about The Chandrayaan 3 Spacecraft

India Scripted History! Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft, India’s third lunar mission, is a significant milestone in the country’s space exploration journey. Chandrayaan 3 mission landed successfully. The Vikram lander made a soft lunar landing today. 

The success of the Chandrayaan 3 mission holds great significance for both India and the world, contributing to scientific knowledge, and technological advances, and inspiring future space exploration endeavors. 

Chandrayaan-3 connected with Chandrayaan-2 orbiter, gets a special message 'Welcome, buddy!' - YouTube

Sources: The Economic Times

History of Chandrayaan Missions

The Chandrayaan program began with Chandrayaan 1 in 2008. This mission was a major success, and it made several important discoveries about the Moon. 

Chandrayaan 1 found evidence of water ice on the Moon’s surface.

Chandrayaan 2 was launched in 2019. This mission was even more ambitious than Chandrayaan 1, and it included a lander and rover. However, the lander crashed during the landing sequence, and the rover was unable to deploy.

Objectives of Chandrayaan 3

Chandrayaan 3 aims to build on the success of Chandrayaan 1 and 2. The mission’s primary objectives are to:

  • Study the lunar surface in more detail
  • Analyze the composition of lunar soil
  • Investigate the presence of water ice

Working Model Of Chandrayaan 3

Health is normal': Chandrayaan-3 lander Vikram deboosted successfully, moving further closer to Moon. Top Points | Mint

Chandrayaan 3 Lander

The lander represents the most complex and challenging component of Chandrayaan 3. It plays a crucial role in executing the mission’s lunar surface landing while ensuring the safety of both the rover and the orbiter.

Comprising several essential components, the lander includes:

  • A heat shield: This vital component protects the lander from the intense heat during re-entry into the Moon’s atmosphere.
  • A parachute system: This system actively decelerates the lander during its descent to the Moon.
  • A landing system: Its primary function is to facilitate a safe and precise lunar surface landing.
  • A propulsion system: This system actively propels and maneuvers the lander on the Moon’s surface.
  • A science payload: A suite of scientific instruments carried by the lander, instrumental in studying the lunar surface.

The lander’s success is paramount to Chandrayaan 3’s overall mission success.

Chandrayaan-3 | ISRO's Space Physics Laboratory gears up for big moment - The Hindu

Chandrayaan 3 Rover

The rover, a smaller and highly mobile vehicle, will be deployed from the lander. Its primary mission is to explore the Moon’s surface and collect vital data concerning its composition and geology.

Comprising several critical components, the rover’s configuration includes:

  • A chassis: Providing a stable platform for the rover’s mobility across the lunar terrain.
  • A propulsion system: This system actively propels and navigates the rover across the Moon’s surface.
  • A science payload: A suite of scientific instruments carried by the rover, crucial for in-depth lunar surface study.

The rover’s versatility enables it to explore a diverse range of lunar terrains, contributing significantly to our understanding of the Moon’s history and evolution.

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Chandrayaan 3 Orbiter

The orbiter, the largest and most stable element of Chandrayaan 3, will remain in lunar orbit. Its primary task is to collect essential data regarding the Moon’s surface and its atmosphere.

Comprising several key components, the orbiter’s configuration includes:

  • A propulsion system: This system actively maneuvers the orbiter within lunar orbit.
  • A science payload: A suite of scientific instruments carried by the orbiter, integral to studying the Moon.

The orbiter’s data will complement the information gathered by the lander and the rover, enhancing our understanding of lunar science.

The construction of Chandrayaan 3 represents a complex and challenging engineering endeavor. Success in this mission hinges upon the collaborative efforts of a dedicated team of engineers, scientists, and technicians.

Lessons for aspiring engineers:

The Importance Of Teamwork

Chandrayaan 3 is a complex and challenging mission that requires the expertise of a team of engineers, scientists, and technicians. Each member of the team plays an important role in the success of the mission.

For example, the engineers are responsible for designing and building the spacecraft, while the scientists are responsible for developing the scientific instruments. The technicians are responsible for assembling and testing the spacecraft.

The team must work together effectively to overcome the challenges of the mission. They must communicate openly and honestly, and they must be willing to compromise.

Landing Site of Chandrayaan-3 Lander Named as Shiv Shakti

The Value Of Perseverance

Chandrayaan 3 has faced challenges along the way. However, the team has persevered and is now on the cusp of success.

The team has faced challenges such as delays in the launch schedule and technical problems with the spacecraft. However, they have not given up. They have worked hard to overcome these challenges and they are now closer than ever to achieving their goal.

And this is exactly what Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam envisioned.

How will Chandrayaan 3 help research and future missions?

  • Better understanding of the Moon

Chandrayaan 3 will help us to better understand the Moon in a number of ways. The lander will collect data about the Moon’s surface composition, temperature, and gravity. The rover will explore the Moon’s surface and collect data about its geology and mineralogy. The orbiter will collect data about the Moon’s atmosphere and magnetic field.

This data will help us to learn more about the Moon’s formation, evolution, and history. It could also help us to identify potential resources on the Moon, such as water ice.

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  • Development of new technologies

Chandrayaan 3 will also be helping us to develop new technologies that can be used for future space exploration. The lander and rover will use a variety of new technologies, such as new landing systems and propulsion systems. The orbiter will use new sensors and instruments to collect data about the Moon.

These new technologies could be used for future missions to the Moon, Mars, and other planets. They could also be used for applications on Earth, such as in the development of new medical devices or environmental monitoring systems.

  • Inspiring future generations

Chandrayaan 3 will also inspire future generations of engineers and scientists. It will show them that anything is possible if you have the passion and the perseverance. It will also show them the importance of science and technology in our quest to explore the universe.

The success of Chandrayaan 3 will be a major milestone in India’s space program. It will also be a significant contribution to the global effort to explore the Moon.

Chandrayaan-3: India's historic Moon mission lifts off successfully - BBC News

Science and physics applied behind it

The physics of space travel is complex, and Chandrayaan 3 will rely on a variety of scientific principles to succeed. These principles include:

  • Newton’s laws of motion: These laws govern the motion of objects in space.
  • The laws of thermodynamics: These laws govern the flow of energy in space.
  • The laws of electromagnetism: These laws govern the interaction of electricity and magnetism in space.

The mission will also rely on a variety of technologies, such as:

  • Rocket engines: These engines will be used to propel a spacecraft into space and to land it on the Moon.
  • Parachute systems: These systems will be used to slow down the spacecraft during its descent to the Moon.
  • Scientific instruments: These instruments will be used to collect data about the Moon.


Chandrayaan 3 is a significant milestone in India’s space exploration journey. The mission will help us to better understand the Moon and its mysteries, and it will also inspire future generations of engineers and scientists. Cheers to our future engineers and congratulations to ISRO Scientists.


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