A hybrid approach for face recognition using a convolutional neural network combined with feature extraction techniques

Facial recognition technology has been used in many fields such as security, biometric identification, robotics, video surveillance, health, and commerce due to its ease of implementation and minimal data processing time. However, this technology is influenced by the presence of variations such as pose, lighting, or occlusion. In this paper, we propose a new approach to improve the accuracy rate of face recognition in the presence of variation or conclusion, by combining feature extraction with a histogram of oriented gradient (HOG), scale invariant feature transform (SIFT), Gabor, and the Canny contour detector techniques, as well as a convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture, tested with several combinations of the activation function used (Softmax and Segmoïd) and the optimization algorithm used during training (adam, Adamax, RMSprop, and stochastic gradient descent (SGD)). For this, a preprocessing was performed on two databases of our database of faces (ORL) and Sheffield faces used, then we perform a feature extraction operation with the mentioned techniques and then pass them to our used CNN architecture. The results of our simulations show a high performance of the SIFT+CNN combination, in the case of the presence of variations with an accuracy rate up to 100%

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