An Innovative Converter less Solar PV Control Strategy for a Grid Connected Hybrid PV/Wind/Fuel-Cell System Coupled With Battery Energy Storage.

The proposed work addresses the modeling, control, energy management and operation of hybrid grid connected system with wind-PV-Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) integrated with Fuel Cell (FC) and Electrolyzer. A hybrid PV-Wind-FC with electrolyzer consisting of BESS with the least number of control loops and converters has been proposed. The proposed hybrid system presents a cost efficient solution for integrating PV into a hybrid system by eliminating the PV converter. This includes the design of controllers for grid-connected hybrid systems with a renewable distributed generator (Wind and PV) as a primary source, BESS as a secondary source and FC with Electrolyzer as a tertiary source. In addition, the lead compensator along with integrator is used for obtaining enough phase margin and removing steady state error completely. It increases the stability of the controller and adds phase shift $\varphi _{s}$ at a cross gain frequency ( $\omega _{cut}$ ). The Grid Side Controller (GSC) is capable of providing frequency support to the utility grid, when it is linked to the grid. In the proposed configuration, PV power is maximized and injected into grid through GSC. Rotor Side Converter (RSC) and GSC ensure the support for sharing the burden of the grid station. Moreover, the proposed controller of BESS with coordination of FC eliminates the effect of intermittency of power generated from wind and PV. Excess power production by renewable distribution generation is used by Electrolyzer to generate hydrogen. This hydrogen is further used by FC when there is not enough power generation due to unfavorable weather conditions. The energy management has been presented to fulfill the load profile, avoid BESS overcharging and to minimize the intermittency and fluctuation of Wind and PV sources. This method guarantees steady power flow and service continuity. The Simulink model of the proposed system results validate the efficiency of the proposed hybrid system as compared to the conventional hybrid system reported in the literature. The modeling of the proposed system and analysis has been demonstrated using the MATLAB Simulink model. Lastly, the energy management of the system has also been examined and compared with the conventional power system.

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